Europe has fifty independent countries. This post will be unravelling the smallest countries in Europe. Some of these countries have a history dating back many decades. This list focuses on the smallest countries in Europe by landmass and population.
The Smallest Countries in Europe
The Vatican City is in Rome, it is an independent state with a population of about 900 people. It is the smallest country in Europe. The Vatican city is the official headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. It is also the smallest country in the world in terms of population and size. This city plays an important role in Christianity. It also holds the position of the smallest independent state in the world. Despite its size, half of the city is made of green vegetation and gardens. Due to its significant roles and ancient structures, it is one of the top tourist attractions in Europe. The official language of this city is Italian. Vatican city became a sovereign state on February 11, 1929, after signing a treaty with the Italian government. This small country is sited at the Vatican Mount.
Land Mass: 0.49 km2 (0.19 sq mi)
Monako takes the second position of the smallest countries in the world. Monaco is a sovereign state in Europe. It shares a border with the Atlantic on one side and France on the other side. Monaco has the highest population density in Europe per square kilometre. It has a record of 16,403 people per square kilometre and also holds the record for the highest number of millionaire and billionaire per capital. The country has the lowest poverty and unemployment rate in the world. The official language is French. The other languages spoken in Monaco include Monegasque, Occitan and Italian. Over the years, it has become one of the popular destinations for the rich and wealthy.
The wealthy country operates a Monarchy system of government.
Land Mass: 2.02 km2 0.78sq mi
The Republic of San Marino is the third smallest country in Europe with a population of barely 30,000 people. It shares a border with Italy. San Marino is located In the valley of Apennines. It is a mountainous country with a lot to see and do. The official language is Italian another popular language in San Marino is Romagnol. San Marino has about 33,285 people. San Marino is a hilly country with most of its surface area covered by hills.
61 km2 (24 sq mi)
Liechtenstein (160 km2)
Liechtenstein is the fourth-smallest country in Europe. It also holds the record for the sixth smallest countries in the world. Liechtenstein shares a border with Austria and Switzerland. It has a population of barely 38,000 people. The official language of Liechtenstein is German. An important attraction is the Vaduz Castle. It is notable for winter sporting activities due to its location In the Alps. This Alpine country is a must-visit for adventure lovers.
Landmass: 160 km2 (62 sq mi)
Malta 316 km2
The republic of malta is made up of three different Islands. This is due to its proximity to the Mediterranean sea. It has a population of about 500,000 people. This country is rich in culture and was named the European Capital of Culture. This small country gained independence in 1964 from the United Kingdom. It became a republic in 1974. Its friendly weather has made it an all-year-round tourist centre. The official language is Maltese. However, English is also a popular language in malta. Malta holds a rich cultural heritage.
Landmass: 316 km2 (122 sq mi)
Andorra 468 mk2
Andora is the sixth smallest country in Europe. It is located in between Spain and France. The official language in Andorra is Catalan. Andorra is also one of the favourite winter destinations because of its alpine mountains.
It has become shoppers favourite destination in Europe due to its tax breaks and duty-free shopping. Andora is notable for its ski resorts and ski sporting activities.
Landmass: 468 km2 (181 sq mi)
Luxembourg is also one of the smallest countries in Europe. It has a landmass of 2,586 km2. Luxembourg shares a border with Belgium, Germany and France. It has beautiful landscapes with lots of hiking potentials. Luxembourg has a population of about 630,000 people. Luxembourg shares a border with Belgium, Germany and France.
Cyprus is another small country In Europe with a landmass of 3,572 square miles. It is an island which is located north of Egypt and South of Turkey. Cyprus is a coastal country with beautiful green vegetation, sandy beaches and lots of fun. It has some of the best beaches in the world. It is the 34th smallest country in the world.
Kosovo is also one of the smallest countries in Europe. It is a self-declared independent country. Kosovo shares a border with Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia. It has a landmass of about 4,203 square miles. The country is blessed with beautiful vegetations with different species of wildlife.
Montenegro is one of the smallest countries in Europe. It is an old city with fishing villages. It is a country with interesting sea life. Montenegro shares a border with Croatia. Montenegro is popular for its beautiful beaches and mouth-watering seafood.
Country Area (km2)
1. Vatican City – 0.44 km2
2. Monaco – 1.95 km2
3. San Marino- 61 km2
4. Liechtenstein – 160 km2
5. Malta – 316 km2
6. Andorra – 468 km2
7. Luxembourg – 2,586 km2
8. Cyprus – 9,251 km2
9. Kosovo – 10,887 km2
10. Montenegro – 13,812 km2